Gothic architecture originated in France in the 12th century and lasted in Europe until the 16th century and then experienced resurgence in the 18th through 20th century England, mostly due to structures of churches and university buildings. The architectural characteristics of the Gothic style include flying buttresses, pointed arches, and ribbed vaulting, the engineering feats that increased the size of the colorful stained glass windows that are such an important feature in Gothic churches. And let us not forget the majesty the Gothic structures displayed and still display to this day; said to install fear and awe in the worshipper, these magnificent buildings made one feel small compared to the power of Christ and the Church. In the territory of the Holy Roman Empire, the main characteristics of the Gothic included the massive width and height of the cathedrals and their towers and spires.